The following article by C. J. Schexnayder, posted on his blog Andean Currents, is available in full here.
The plight of Afro-Peruvians has long been overshadowed by the conflict
between the Spanish and Indian cultures but there is reason to believe
that could be changing.
Current estimates put the black population in Peru between 5 and 10
percent of the estimated 28 million residents of the country. By
contrast, between 44 and 70 percent of the population of Brazil – about
200 million – are black.
Many of the blacks who were brought to Peru by the Spanish were not originally from Africa but from other colonies.
As a result they had already been assimilated into the Hispanic culture
– a fact that placed them in an uneasy social position above the native
Today, Peru even celebrates Afro-Peruvian Culture Day on June 4, the birthday of famed folklorist Nicomedes Santa Cruz.
A little more about Black Peru here.